10 academic phrases to use in your essay
By using these signalling devices, the effectiveness of the text is increased. Linking words and phrases are used between clauses within a sentence, between sentences and between paragraphs.
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The following Example lists provide common words and phrases used in academic writing. The lists are by no means exhaustive nor is the purpose to present rules. They are, however, a guide that will help in developing your writing skills, give clear logic, smooth transitions, coherency and resist repetition. The use of these linguistic devices gives the paragraph a nice coherent flow; however, the over use of them can be just as damaging. Be careful to use the devices accordingly. About this site. Identifying language resources Writing Stage Structuring the text Framing the text: Title and reference list Structure of the whole text Structure within sections of the text Structure within paragraphs Signposting the structure Using sources Rewriting Stage What needs to be revised?
How to revise Submitting the text References Grammar and Words Introduction Selective Mini Grammar The major word classes The morphology of the major word classes Words and phrases Noun phrases Elements in the noun phrase Classes of nouns Determiners Verb phrases Elements in the verb phrase Classes of main verbs Auxiliary verbs Primary auxiliary verbs Modal auxiliary verbs Meanings of modal auxiliaries Marginal auxiliary verbs Time and tense Simple and progressive forms The perfect Active and passive voice Adjective phrases Adverb phrases Pronouns Personal pronouns Dummy pronouns Possessive pronouns Interrogative pronouns Indefinite pronouns Quantifiers Prepositions and prepositional phrases Clauses and their parts More on adverbials Subjects and predicate verbs The order of subjects and verbs Subject-Verb agreement Common Problems and How to Avoid Them Many or much?
Here are some sample openings to sentences:.
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On the one hand we all know Can I use "and" at the start of a sentence? If an essay uses sources, it should include a bibliography which lists the works cited in the essay. In general, you really can't overuse the word "the. To get rid of that problem, you can substitute a clearer and more specific description of the thing you are referring to rather than the simple "the You can find many sample topics on these types of essays on my web pages. You can also find step by step instructions on how to write these essays.
Any words can be used to start an essay and there isn't really any particular words or phrase that works best. Generally, I tell students to begin a first draft of an essay by setting a timer and just writing down everything they think or know about the paper topic. This does not have to be full sentences. You can write down just words or phrases.
After you've written for about minutes, stop and re-read what you have. If you haven't yet decided on a thesis question, this is a good time to choose one. The next step is to answer that question, which makes your thesis answer main thesis statement.
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From there, you can decide on your introduction, body, and conclusion. I have many different articles on how to write different kinds of essays. You can Google the type of essay you are writing with my name and this website and you can find a full set of instructions. If you are writing in the first person, you really can't get away from using "I" but you can put these sentence starters in front of the "I" so that it doesn't jump out at the reader.
As a matter of fact, I usually introduce sentence starters to my class when we are doing a personal essay. I have them notice how many times they start a sentence in the personal essay with "I" and then I have them circle all of those "I" sentences. Next, I have them scan the list of words and put one or more in front of the "I" sentences. Another trick is to take a sentence and invert it so that the "I" is not the first word. Here is an example:.
Do You Really need Good Phrases for Composition Writing?
Bad Example: I wanted to explain how to use sentence starters and so I used many "I" sentences in this answer. Rewrite: Because I wanted to explain how sentence starters work, I used many "I sentences in this answer. Go back and see what I did to "eliminate" the "I"! End your introduction with the topic question. The thesis will be the answer to that question and it can be put after the question or as the beginning of the next paragraph. Sentence starters are especially important in persuasive writing because they intensify your language and point the reader towards what you feel is most important.
Any of these sentence starters will work, but persuasive writing sometimes focuses on the more common or emotionally charged language, avoiding the more academic-sounding words. Here are some examples,. If you are using "the" repeatedly, it probably means you are always writing sentences which start with the subject. To fix that, you can switch sentences around to put the object first, add one of these transition sentence starters, or just reword the sentence. The word "my" is a possessive pronoun which doesn't really have a substitute.
You could write, "the pen belonging to me was stolen" instead of "my pen was stolen" but that is a rather awkward and archaic phrasing. Transition words make an excellent first word in a paragraph because they help you explain how that paragraph is linked to the ideas in the previous paragraph.
You can start with a description or short story from each of the two which shows that comparison. You can replace the "am" with a more active verb which describes what you are saying.
You can also add an adverb word ending in "ly" which describes the verb. A final way to vary your word choice is to add some of these sentence starters. Here are some examples:. I'd start with a story that would show both your good and bad points. For example, a time that you spent a whole day getting ready for a friend's birthday only to find out that you'd gotten the wrong day.
conconsconhou.gq Then you could say what that reveals about you. I this example you could say, "This shows that I'm a thoughtful person, but not always very careful about the details. There is not just one sentence starter that works for any particular position in a paper. What you need to decide is what that sentence is doing in relation to the last paragraph. If you are adding information, use an adding transition. If you are contrasting, use a contrast transition etc.
However, I wouldn't worry too much about overusing any particular word because the best way to avoid repetitive sentences is to use these easy sentence starters and to combine your short sentences. Generally, you will use an additive or sequence transition word when doing your body paragraphs unless the information is contrary to what you've said before. Here are some suggestions:. What really works better is just to state the question and then give an answer without talking to the audience directly. Here are some other phrases you could use:.
Three reasons exist for this problem and they are easy to explain. The first reason is Don't always start the sentence with the subject. Use an introductory phrase instead. Most of these sentence starters can be used as a transition to a body paragraph. To choose the right one, you need to decide what connection that body paragraph has to the paragraphs before. Are you adding information? Use the different types of transitions listed under those categories.
A few of the most popular ones to use are: Additionally, Therefore, In contrast, In conclusion. Whether you would receive points off for using a conjunction is entirely dependent on the instructor's grading system. Technically, conjunctions are intended to join two sentences together; therefore, using a conjunction to begin a sentence is not grammatically correct.
However, we use this format all the time in speaking and you will often see it in all kinds of writing as well. Personally, I avoid using a conjunction to start a sentence in my formal writing, although I might use it in an informal email or letter for emphasis and to make my tone sound more friendly and casual. I discourage my students from using this sentence form in essays because they tend to overuse it, and because most of them need to practice writing in a more professional manner. What is most important is that you understand that using a conjunction to start a sentence gives your writing a more informal, casual tone.
If that is appropriate to convey your meaning, then you should use it. On the other hand, if you are trying to create a document which makes you sound authoritative, you should avoid that construction. The simple answer to your question is that you need to ask your teacher about their standards on this issue. Use the name of the person, their title, their relationship boss, student, friend , or a description of them. Your best choice for substitutes for "most of" would be "many," "a considerable number," or "almost all.
The simple answer is yes. You can start a sentence with "and" and be correct. However, it can make your writing more effective if you try to avoid "and' and use one of the other adding conjunctions listed in my article. Consider the following example which uses two coordinating conjunctions "and" and "but" to start sentences:. Anna went skiing yesterday on the steep run at Whistler that I warned her not to try.
And she made it down the hill just fine. But then she slipped on some ice at the bottom of the run and twisted her ankle so badly she can't ski today.